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What is Atopic Eczema? How is it treated?

What is Atopic Eczema? How is it treated?

Atopic eczema (dermatitis); is a recurrent skin disease that is more common in young children, with skin pruritus, rash and itching, which sometimes flare up and improve. Most people with atopic eczema have allergic diseases such as allergic asthma and hay fever in their own or in their family. The cause is not known exactly. It is an extreme reaction of the immune system of the skin to environmental and emotional factors. Degradation of the skin’s protective barrier function causes inflammation and an increased allergic response. Atopic eczema is diagnosed with clinical signs and symptoms. There is no need for any laboratory studies to establish an atopic eczema diagnosis. It is advisable to stay away from such situations as the following factors may cause the disease to exacerbate. These; the increase of the skin dryness (such as long-term and hot bathing), infections caused by bacteria and viruses, scratching, emotional stress, sweating, heat and climate changes, contact with the cleaners, soaps, detergents, woolly clothes, covering, dust and plant pollen, cigarettes, eggs (babies and children), milk, peanuts, soybeans, fish, wheat allergies, animal feathers.

Air humidifiers; should be used every day to prevent skin dryness. Odourless and colourless products are more suitable to choose. Cortisone creams/ointments; they control redness and itchiness in the active phase of eczema. Your doctor determines where and how long the creams can be used.

When cortisone creams are used together with moisturizers, the effect increases significantly and the risk of side effects decreases. Itch remedies are applied in hospital settings where ultraviolet light treatments are used when the eczema is common. Drugs that suppress the immune system such as azathioprine, cyclosporin can be used on more severe eczema. These treatments also have side effects and patients should be followed up by regular blood tests and examinations.